“Let’s play Mintonette!” If this was said to you by your friends, what do you think they meant? Is it a new game? A sport? A board game? Played indoors or outdoors? Or just a joke for them to laugh at your reaction?
Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan. This was a sport developed from Morgan’s own training methods and his practical experience in the YMCA Gymnasium. Now, it is professionally played by thousands and loved by millions of people around the world. The game, which is played with a net and a ball, is now called volleyball.
William G. Morgan
William G. Morgan carried out his undergraduate studies in Young Men’s Christian Association where he met James Naismith who invented the basketball. After graduating, he spent his first year at the Auburn (now known as Maine) and in the summer of 1895 moved to YMCA Holyoke (present-day Massachusetts). It is in Holyoke where he became the director of physical education. He had the opportunity to create and direct a vast program of exercises and sports classes for male adults.
How It All Started
His enthusiasm for his work and programs was greatly appreciated. One day, he decided that he needed a certain type of game that is both fun and challenging in order to vary his ongoing program. During that time, basketball was the most popular sport for everyone but it was also the most violent game. Basketball at that time was in its infancy and rules are a bit blurred, to say the least. So, he wanted to create something that is challenging and safe. It was a difficult process since he did not have anything that he could pattern the game to.
This was until he thought of tennis. The idea of the net was a good one but he rose it to about 6 feet and 6 inches or about 1.98 meters above the ground which is just above the head of an average adult man. The next one was a ball which he tested with a basketball bladder. Unfortunately, it was too light and too slow. The basketball itself was too big and too heavy which was not really suitable and, therefore, he scratched the idea of using a basketball. With this difficulty, Morgan decided he needed help with what ball to use, so he asked a firm A.G. Spalding & Bros. to help him create that perfect ball for his game which was created in their factory in Chicopee in Massachusetts. It wasn’t long before they created a ball with a leather cover and a rubber inner tube. Its circumference was not less than 25 inches and not more than 27 inches and its weight was not less than 9 ounces and not more than 12 ounces. The perfect ball for Morgan’s game.
The First Rules of Volleyball
A game will not be complete without basic concepts and some rules. With the help of his two good friends in Holyoke, namely Dr. Frank Wood and John Lynch, Morgan created the basic concepts and the first 10 rules of the game which are based on Morgan’s suggestions.
These were the first set of rules implemented by Morgan for the game of Mintonette also known as volleyball:
- The net was 6 feet, 6 inches high.
- The court was 25 X 50 feet
- Any number of participants was allowed.
- The length of the game was nine innings, with three outs allowed per team per inning.
- Continuous air dribbling of the ball was permissible up to a restraining line 4 feet from the net.
- No limit on the number of hits on each side of the court.
- A served ball could be assisted across the net.
- A second serve (as in tennis) was permitted if the first resulted in a fault.
- Any ball hitting the net, except on the first service, was a fault and resulted in side out. (Source: http://home.earthlink.net)
As time goes by, the word spread about his new game and everyone was eager to see it. So, in 1896, a conference was held in Springfield at YMCA College that brought together all the YMCA Directors of Physical Education which includes Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick. They invited William Morgan to demonstrate his game in the newly built college stadium. Morgan took two teams and each time having five players each. During the demonstration, Morgan explained that the new game he designed was a fun and exciting game for adult men. It was designed for indoors or in gymnasia but could also be played outdoors which was in delight of the listeners. He also explained that it could be played by an unlimited number of players and the objective of the game is to keep the ball in movement over the net from one side to another.
Changing the Name from Mintonette to Volleyball
William Morgan was proud of his invention. He was able to introduce it to a board of directors for Physical Education. Mintonette was really a sport dedicated to providing some form of recreation and relaxation for adults and businessmen. But after seeing the demonstration of the Mintonette, Professor Alfred T. Halstead called the action to the active phase of the ball’s flight and suggested that instead of calling the game Mintonette that it should be called “Volley ball”. People at that time might be very accepting because Morgan agreed with this name.
Conquering the World with Volleyball
When the game was introduced, it was still in its infancy but the physical education directors of the YMCA encouraged Springfield College in Massachusetts and George Williams College in Chicago to adopt volleyball in all of US. The game was widely accepted not only as a relaxing activity but also a fun recreational activity for everyone. Canada was the first foreign country to adopt the game in 1900. And by 1913, the development of volleyball in Asian continent was assured in the program Far-Eastern games which were organized in Manila, Philippines.
Volleyball has greatly changed over the century that it lived, survived and tested through the times. The sport that started out as a relaxing recreational activity for adults is now a fun and competitive sport for everyone to enjoy.
Volleyball is without a doubt a great team sport. There are a number of reasons why we play volleyball. Some say it is a way to bond with family and friends. Some say it is an alternative way of reaching fitness goals. And some play volleyball for fun and entertainment. Whatever the reason may be, we play volleyball for the benefits reaped. Volleyball is one such activity that has plenty of benefits for participants.
Here are some of the benefits of playing volleyball:
#1 Improve Cardiovascular Health
One of the benefits of playing volleyball is that it improves your cardiovascular health. Volleyball is a cardiovascular exercise. It involves running, jumping, hitting and even squatting which get your heart pumping and your lungs going. Getting your heart rate up will result in the efficient circulation of blood and other nutrients throughout your body, which improves your overall health. Playing volleyball regularly helps keep your heart healthy which in turn, help prevent diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes.
#2 Improve Muscular System
Another benefit of playing volleyball is that it helps improve the muscular system. Volleyball is physically demanding and requires muscular strength and power. When playing volleyball, you need to put some real power during serves in order for the ball to reach the opponents’ court. You also need to exert significant force when hitting the ball during rallies. Playing volleyball helps in toning the core muscles and strengthens the upper body, arms and shoulders as well as the muscles of the thighs and lower legs. Volleyball is indeed a great sport that helps improve your muscular system.
#3 Weight Loss
Not only does volleyball help in toning and strengthening your muscles, it also facilitates weight loss. Playing volleyball burns up calories which results in significant weight loss over an extended period of time. An indoor volleyball game can help you burn up to 385 calories in 1 hour, while a beach volleyball game can help you burn close to 600 calories in just 45 minutes. The difference in the rate of burning calories lies on the fact that beach volleyball is played in a more rigid environment than indoor volleyball. It requires more effort to move around a sand court than in an indoor court.
#4 Improves Hand-Eye Coordination
Another benefit of playing volleyball is that it improves hand-eye coordination. Playing volleyball requires a certain amount of hand-eye coordination for proper execution of serves, hits, blocks, and tosses. During the game, you should keep your eyes on the ball and your hand ready to hit it whenever necessary. The constant need for solid hand-eye coordination will actually increase your abilities over time. An improved hand-eye coordination is beneficial not only during volleyball games but also in your daily activities. Studies have shown that volleyball players have better hand-eye coordination than those who are not. It has also been found that there is a direct positive correlation between the amount of time a person has been playing volleyball and their hand-eye coordination abilities. In other words, the more experience you have in playing volleyball, the better your hand-eye coordination.
#5 Develop Balance, Speed, Flexibility, and Stamina
Improved balance, speed, flexibility and stamina is one of the most important benefits of playing volleyball. Volleyball is an intense sport that trains all of your senses and skills. Players are required to serve, pass, set, attack, block and dig the ball. Playing volleyball develops good balance, quick reflexes, and flexibility. Playing volleyball regularly also develops stamina. It is the ability to sustain prolonged physical or mental effort.
#6 Improves Interpersonal Skills
Volleyball does not only benefit physically, it also a great way to make new friends and develop your interpersonal skills. Volleyball is a team sport, which means it requires cooperation and teamwork. Playing volleyball requires you to interact with other players. When you interact with your teammates, you learn how to work as part of the team and learn how to work well with others in attaining a common goal, that is, to win. This interaction with team members provides an emotional network of support. Team members encourage one another during practice and in the game to do their best because every player’s effort contributes to the success or failure of the team. Interaction among team members also helps you learn how to value and respect your teammates.
Whether win or lose, volleyball creates the bond among players which helps them develop their interpersonal skills. And these interpersonal skills could go a long way in life because they help in building healthy relationships with other people.
#7 Reduces Stress and Anxiety
Volleyball also benefits the emotional and mental health of the players. It is a fun exercise which reduces stress and anxiety. It can also help in managing mood swings and even depression. Exercise causes your brain to release endorphins. Endorphins are chemicals produced in your brain which makes you feel happy, feel a sense of euphoria and elation, and decrease the effects of stress and anxiety.
#8 Develop Self Esteem
Volleyball does not only improve your mood, it also helps in the development of your self-esteem. Everyone wants to be fit and healthy. Volleyball helps you lose weight, build muscles, and reduces stress which makes you feel good about yourself, which in turn, develop your self-esteem. The feeling of belongingness also boosts self-confidence. It encourages pride in your accomplishments as a team member. Knowing that you are contributing to the attainment of the team’s goal will make you feel significant, thus, affecting your self-esteem.
One of the most important benefits of playing volleyball is learning what sportsmanship is. Sportsmanship is the golden rule in sports. It is the behavior and attitude that show respect for the rules of the game, respect for the judgment of referees and officials and respect to your opponents. Playing volleyball teaches the value of hard work and fairness. It teaches the faithful observance of the rules. It also teaches how to accept defeat and how to win graciously.
In conclusion, playing volleyball benefits not only physically but also emotionally and mentally. It can help you improve cardiovascular health, muscular system, and hand-eye coordination; help you lose weight; help develop balance, speed, flexibility, and stamina; improve interpersonal skills; reduce stress and anxiety; develop self-esteem and sportsmanship; and a whole lot more.
Beach volleyball has offered fun and competitive play for over a century. Since it gained popularity in the 1960s, many people have been hooked up with the sports. And because it has become very popular and in demand, Beach volleyball has been an Olympic discipline since 1996 Games.
Characteristics of Balls for Beach Volleyball
Balls for beach volleyball are slightly larger than those of the standard indoor balls. They have a circumference which ranges from 66 to 68 centimeters (26 to 27 inches). They have a general mass of 260 to 280 grams (9.2 to 9.9-ounces). These balls also have rougher external texture and lower internal pressure. Their psi is set at 2.5 up to 3.2.
In beach volleyball, it is important to practice and play with the right equipment and that includes a ball that is designed for the outdoor setting. Inappropriate equipment may cause hassle and ruin the fun and excitement of the game. There are a lot of outdoor elements such as the weather and playing surface to consider. A great ball should be designed and engineered in such a way as to enable maximum performance despite these varying elements. Practicing or playing with the right ball will affect your entire game. So having a ball which can withstand the outdoor elements and hard play is paramount. The following are the Top 5 Balls for Beach Volleyball:
#1 Mikasa VLS300 Beach Champ
The Mikasa VLS300 Beach Champ is without a doubt one of the top balls for beach volleyball. It is the official game ball of FIVB and the official game ball used in the 2012 London Olympics and 2016 Rio Olympics. The Mikasa VLS300 Beach Champ features a TwinSTLocked Machine-stitched 10-panel design which enhances player control over the ball. Its soft composite non-slip surface is made from the finest micro material. Another feature of Mikasa VLS300 is the double cloth backing for best shape retention. It also features reinforced panels to maintain its spherical shape. Its rubber coating improves water resistance so the ball is unlikely to get water-logged. Read the full review here.
#2 Wilson AVP Official Game Ball
Made to highest specifications and standards of the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP), Wilson AVP Official Game Ball is one of the top balls for beach volleyball. This ball features an 18-panel hand-sewn premium microfiber composite leather which provides greater resistance to dirt and less moisture absorbency to maintain proper weight and feel. Another notable feature of Wilson AVP Official Game Ball is its expert construction and craftsmanship for better hand control and wind resistance. The overall construction provides strong durability and shape retention, thus, maximizing the players’ satisfaction in every game. Read the full review here.
#3 Spalding King of the Beach Volleyball
Added to the list of the top balls for beach volleyball is the Spalding King of the Beach Volleyball which is the USA Beach Official Tour Volleyball. The King of the Beach is designed and built specially for competitive outdoor volleyball games. Its stitched 18 Panel construction provides superior shape and consistency. In addition, it features a soft-touch, all-weather composite cover that offers the durability for all weather conditions. The ball also features a butyl bladder for improved air retention. Furthermore, the product design of the Spalding King of the Beach Volleyball enables true flight and ball control. The all-weather King of the Beach Volleyball definitely lives up to its royal name. Read the full review here.
#4 Wilson Soft play outdoor volleyball
Professional players all started as amateurs. It takes dedication, training, time and a great ball to develop skills. The Wilson Soft Play Outdoor Volleyball is an ideal choice for beginners. Its machine sewn construction gives it an enhanced durability. The ball also features a synthetic sponge-backed cover provides a soft feel making it a great tool for training. It also has a wide variety of colors to choose from. Although this ball is not suitable for official games, it is still one of the top balls for beach volleyball. Read the full review here.
#5 Molten BV5000-3 Elite Beach Volleyball
The Molten BV5000-3 Elite Beach Volleyball is among the top balls for beach volleyball because it is designed for maximum durability to withstand the demands of elite competition in an outdoor environment. It features a premium hand-stitched polyurethane cover for ultimate playability and superior touch. The contemporary design and unsurpassed durability have made this ball worthy of being the official outdoor volleyball of USA Volleyball. Read the full review here.
In conclusion, having the right ball, or practicing with one, may result in your superior beach performance. The top balls for beach volleyball will withstand not only the varying outdoor elements but also the intense and hard play of the skillful beach volleyball players. So, get the best ball possible that can really help you showcase your talents and hard work.
Top 5 Beach Volleyball Destinations
Rules of Beach Volleyball
Volleyball is one of the most successful and popular competitive and recreational sports in the world. It is played by two teams on a playing court divided by a net. The objective of the game is to send the ball over the net in order to ground it on the opponent’s court, and to prevent the same effort by the opponent. Indoor volleyball is a popular variation of this sport. Here are the rules of indoor volleyball.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Playing Area
The playing area includes the playing court and the free zone. It shall be rectangular and symmetrical.
The playing court is a rectangle measuring 18 x 9 m, surrounded by a free zone which is a minimum of 3 m wide on all sides.
All lines are 5 cm wide. Boundary lines are the two sidelines and two end lines marking the playing court. Both sidelines and end lines are drawn inside the dimensions of the playing court. The center line divides the playing court into two equal courts measuring 9 x 9 m each. On each court, an attack line, whose rear edge is drawn 3 m back from the axis of the center line, marks the front zone.
Free Playing Space
The free playing space is the space above the playing area which is free from any obstructions. The free playing space shall measure a minimum of 7 m in height from the playing surface.
The surface must be flat, horizontal and uniform. It must not present any danger of injury to the players. It is forbidden to play on rough or slippery surfaces.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Equipment
The net is placed vertically over the center line whose top is set at the height of 2.43 m for men and 2.24 m for women. It should be 1 m wide and 9.50 to 10 m long, made of 10 cm square black mesh. Considered part of the net are two white bands which are fastened vertically to the net and placed directly above each sideline measuring 5 cm wide. Within the bands are flexible cables to fasten the net to the posts and keep it top taut.
The posts supporting the net are placed at a distance of 0.50-1.00 m outside the sidelines. They are 2.55 m high and preferably adjustable.
The ball should be spherical, made of a flexible leather or synthetic leather case with a bladder inside, made of rubber or a similar material. Its color may be a uniform light color or a combination of colors. The ball must have a circumference of 65-67 cm and must weight i260-280 g. The inside pressure should be 0.30 to 0.325 kg/cm2 (4.26 to 4.61 psi) (294.3 to 318.82 mbar or hPa).
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Participants
A team may consist of up to 12 players. There should also be a coaching staff and medical staff. Only the players recorded on the score sheet may enter the court and play in the match.
One of the players, other than the Libero, is the team captain, who shall be indicated on the score sheet.
A player’s equipment consists of a jersey, shorts, socks and sports shoes. Players’ jerseys must be numbered at the center of the front and of the back. It is forbidden to wear objects which may cause injury or give an artificial advantage to the player. Padded injury protection devices may be worn for protection or support. Players may wear glasses or lenses at their own risk.
Requirements of Conduct
Participants must know the “Official Volleyball Rules” and abide by them. Participants must accept referees’ decisions with sportsmanlike conduct, without disputing them. They must refrain from actions or attitudes aimed at influencing the decisions of the referees or covering up faults committed by their team.
Participants must behave respectfully and courteously in the spirit of FAIR PLAY, not only towards the referees but also towards other officials, the opponent, team-mates, and spectators.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Scoring System
To Score Point
A team scores a point by successfully landing the ball on the opponent’s court; when the opposing team commits a fault; and when the opposing team receives a penalty.
Rally and Completed Rally
A rally is a sequence of playing actions from the moment of the service hit by the server until the ball is out of play. A completed rally is the sequence of playing actions which result in the award of a point.
If the serving team wins a rally, it scores a point and continues to serve. If the receiving team wins a rally, it scores a point and it must serve next.
To Win a Set
A set is won by the team which first scores 25 points with a minimum lead of two points. In the case of a 24-24 tie, the play is continued until a two-point lead is achieved.
To Win the Match
The match is won by the team that wins three sets. In the case of a 2-2 tie, the deciding 5th set is played to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points.
Default and Incomplete Team
If a team refuses to play after being summoned to do so, it is declared in default and forfeits the match with the result 0-3 for the match and 0-25 for each set. A team that, without justifiable reason, does not appear on the playing court on time is declared in default.
A team that is declared incomplete for the set or for the match, loses the set or the match.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Structure of Play
Before the match, the 1st referee carries out a toss to decide upon the first service and the sides of the court in the first set. The toss is taken in the presence of the two team captains. The winner of the toss chooses either the right to serve or to receive the service or the side of the court. And the loser takes the remaining choice.
Team Starting Line-Up
There must always be six players per team in play. The team’s starting line-up indicates the rotational order of the players on the court. This order must be maintained throughout the set. The players who are not in the starting line-up of a set are the substitutes for that set.
At the moment the ball is hit by the server, each team must be positioned within its own court in the rotational order. The three players along the net are front-row players and the other three are back-row players. After the service hit, the players may move around and occupy any position on their court and the free zone.
The rotational order is determined by the team’s starting line-up and controlled with the service order and players’ positions throughout the set. When the receiving team has gained the right to serve, its players rotate one position clockwise.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: States of Play
Ball in Play
The ball is in play from the moment of the hit of the service authorized by the 1st referee.
Ball Out of Play
The ball is out of play at the moment of the fault which is whistled by one of the referees; in the absence of a fault, at the moment of the whistle.
The ball is “in” if, at any moment of its contact with the floor, some part of the ball touches the court, including the boundary lines.
The ball is “out” when all parts of the ball which contact the floor are completely outside the boundary lines; it touches an object outside the court, the ceiling or a person out of play; the ball touches the antennae, ropes, posts or the net itself outside the sidebands; it crosses the vertical plane of the net either partially or totally outside the crossing space; and it crosses completely the lower space under the net.
Ball at the Net
The ball sent to the opponent’s court must go over the net within the crossing space. The crossing space is the part of the vertical plane of the net.
While crossing the net, the ball may touch it. A ball driven into the net may be recovered within the limits of the three-team hits. If the ball rips the mesh of the net or tears it down, the rally is canceled and replayed.
Playing the Ball
Each team must play within its own playing area and space. The ball may, however, be retrieved from beyond its own free zone.
A hit is any contact with the ball by a player in play. The team is entitled to a maximum of three hits (in addition to blocking), for returning the ball. If more are used, the team commits the fault of “FOUR HITS”.
Characteristics of the Hit
The ball may touch any part of the body. It must not be caught and/or thrown. It can rebound in any direction. The ball may touch various parts of the body, provided that the contacts take place simultaneously.
A player may not hit the ball two times consecutively. Two or three players may touch the ball at the same moment. When two (or three) team-mates touch the ball simultaneously, it is counted as two (or three) hits. If they reach for the ball, but only one of them touches it, one hit is counted. A collision of players does not constitute a fault.
When two opponents touch the ball simultaneously over the net and the ball remains in play, the team receiving the ball is entitled to another three hits. If such a ball goes “out”, it is the fault of the team on the opposite side.
Player at the net
In blocking, a player may touch the ball beyond the net, provided that he/she does not interfere with the opponent’s play before or during the latter’s attack hit. It is also permitted to penetrate into the opponent’s space under the net, provided that this does not interfere with the opponent’s play. Players may penetrate into the opponent’s free zone provided that they do not interfere with the opponent’s play. A player may enter the opponent’s court after the ball goes out of play.
Players may touch the post, ropes, or any other object outside the antennae, including the net itself, provided that it does not interfere with the play
Fault A team commits a fault by making a playing action contrary to the rules (or by violating them in some other way). The referees judge the faults and determine the consequences
Faults in Playing the Ball
- Four Hits: a team hits the ball four times before returning it.
- Assisted Hit: a player takes support from a team-mate or any structure/ object in order to hit the ball within the playing area.
- Catch: the ball is caught and/or thrown; it does not rebound from the hit.
- Double Contact: a player hits the ball twice in succession or the ball contacts various parts of his/her body in succession.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Service, Attach Hit, and Blocking
The service is the act of putting the ball into play, by the back-right player, placed in the service zone. The players must follow the service order recorded on the line-up sheet. The first service of the first set, as well as that of the deciding 5th set, is executed by the team determined by the toss. The other sets will be started with the service of the team that did not serve first in the previous set.
The players of the serving team must not prevent their opponent, through individual or collective screening, from seeing the server and the flight path of the ball.
All actions which direct the ball towards the opponent, with the exception of service and block, are considered as attack hits. An attack hit is completed at the moment the ball completely crosses the vertical plane of the net or is touched by an opponent.
Blocking is the action of players close to the net to intercept the ball coming from the opponent by reaching higher than the top of the net, regardless of the height of the ball contact. Only front-row players are permitted to complete a block, but at the moment of the contact with the ball, a part of the body must be higher than the top of the net
In blocking, the player may place his/her hands and arms beyond the net, provided that this action does not interfere with the opponent’s play. Thus, it is not permitted to touch the ball beyond the net until an opponent has executed an attack hit.
A block contact is not counted as a team hit. The first hit after the block may be executed by any player, including the one who has touched the ball during the block. To block an opponent’s service is forbidden.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Interruptions, Delays, and Intervals
An interruption is a time between one completed rally and the 1st referee’s whistle for the next service. The only regular game interruptions are Time-Outs and Substitutions. Each team may request a maximum of two time-outs and six substitutions per set.
Time-out requests must be made by showing the corresponding hand signal when the ball is out of play and before the whistle for service. All requested time-outs last for 30 seconds.
A substitution is an act by which a player, other than the Libero or his/ her replacement player, after being recorded by the scorer, enters the game to occupy the position of another player, who must leave the court at that moment.
An improper action of a team that defers resumption of the game is a delay and includes, among others: delaying regular game interruptions; prolonging interruptions, after having been instructed to resume the game; requesting an illegal substitution; repeating an improper request and delaying the game by a team member.
An interval is a time between sets. All intervals last three minutes. During this period of time, the change of courts and line-up registrations of the teams on the score sheet are made.
After each set, the teams change courts, with the exception of the deciding set. In the deciding set, once the leading team reaches 8 points, the teams change courts without delay and the player positions remain the same.
Rules of Indoor Volleyball: Refereeing Corps
The refereeing corps for a match is composed of the following officials:
The 1st referee carries out his/her functions standing on a referee’s stand located at one end of the net on the opposite side to the scorer. He directs the match from the start until the end and has the power to decide any matters involving the game, including those not provided for in the rules. His/her decisions are final.
The 2nd referee performs his/her functions standing outside the playing court near the post, on the opposite side of and facing the 1st referee. The 2nd referee is the assistant of the 1st referee but has also his/her own range of jurisdiction. He/she controls the work of the scorer(s) and supervises the team members on the team bench and reports their misconduct to the 1st referee. He also authorizes the regular game interruptions, controls their duration and rejects improper requests.
The scorer performs his/her functions seated at the scorer’s table on the opposite side of the court from and facing the 1st referee. He/she fills in the score sheet according to the rules, co-operating with the 2nd referee. He/she uses a buzzer or other sound device to notify irregularities or give signals to the referees on the basis of his/her responsibilities.
Four line judges
The line judges perform their functions by using flags (40 x 40 cm), to signal. The line judges must indicate with the official flag signal the nature of the fault called, and maintain the signal for a moment.
Source: FIVB-Volleyball Rules 2017-2020
Rules of Beach Volleyball
How is Beach Volleyball Different to Indoor Volleyball
Beach volleyball is a great sport and can be enjoyed by professionals and amateurs alike. Aside from the fact that it is a fun and exciting sport, beach volleyball also offers a number of health benefits. It is no wonder that it is among the most popular team sports in the world. In fact, due to its popularity, it has been an Olympic discipline since the 1996 Games. It is played by two teams composed of two players on a sand court divided by a net. It is called beach volleyball for the obvious reason that it is played on the beach. There are a number of beautiful beaches around the world where beach volleyball is being played. The following are the top 5 beach volleyball destinations.
Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janiero, Brazil
Beach volleyball, in general, is very popular in Brazil. The locals of really enjoy beach volleyball which led their government to provide beach volleyball facilities along Copacabana Beach. Copacabana beach is one of the world’s most striking and famous beaches that offers a mix of tradition and glamour. The stretch of white sand with the view of the statue of Christ the Redeemer is probably one of the reasons why Copacabana beach is among the top 5 beach volleyball destinations. Volleyball enthusiasts come to Copacabana for its beautiful white sand, great view and ocean blue skies. This beautiful sandy beach is 4 kilometers (2.2 miles) long which begins at Princesa Isabel Avenue and ends at Posto Seis. It is home to large events such as world championships of beach soccer and volleyball. Copacabana stadium hosted the 2016 Olympics beach volleyball tournament.
Manhattan Beach, California, USA
California coast is arguably the beach volleyball capital of the world. Among California’s top beaches is the Manhattan Beach. Manhattan Beach is one of the three Beach Cities that make up the South Bay. It is not only one of the most beautiful beaches in Southern California, but it is also considered as the mecca of beach volleyball. There are more or less 100 beach volleyball courts available to be netted up and enjoyed on Manhattan Beach. It is a two-mile-long beach which starts at 1st Street in the south and ends at Rosecrans Avenue. The beach is known for its clean, wide, sandy beaches and attracts over 3.8 million visitors annually.
In addition, Manhattan Beach is also the home of the AVP Manhattan Beach Open. Manhattan Beach Open, also known as the AVP Beach Tournament, is a beach volleyball tournament held annually during summer since 1960. The Beach Open features the most elite players. It is the only professional volleyball tournament in which amateurs are able to “place into” the event through pre-qualifying rounds. The winners of the tournament are memorialized with bronze volleyball-shaped plaques in the “Volleyball Walk of Fame” which spans the length of the Manhattan Beach Pier. Today, the tournament draws an estimated 60,000 people making the beach one of the top 5 beach volleyball destinations.
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Kitsilano Beach, Vancouver, Canada
Kitsilano Beach is one of the most popular beaches in Vancouver. Mostly referred to as the “Kits Beach”, Kitsilano Beach offers a stunning place to play volleyball. The beach not only offers the breathtaking view of the ocean but also the magnificent sight of the mountains. The Kitsilano Beach has eight permanent beach volleyball courts which are free to use on a first come first serve basis. The beach is packed with sunbathers, swimmers, Frisbee players, tennis players and beach volleyball players, especially in the warm summer months. And some of the most competitive beach volleyball players in Vancouver play and train in the Kits.
Kitsilano Beach also hosts the annual Vancouver Open Pro Beach Volleyball Tournament. The Vancouver Open is a 3 day, 64 teams, 2 players per team, beach volleyball tournament featuring the best volleyball players from around the world. It attracts over 20,000 spectators each year from all over Canada and North America and offers activities for all ages including a youth volleyball tournament.
Karon Beach, Phuket, Thailand
Karon Beach is one of the longest beaches and one of the most popular holiday destinations in Phuket. It is located on the west coast, between Patong to the north and Kata to the south. With its magnificent scenery and powdery white sand, Karon Beach has become one of the top 5 beach volleyball destinations. This beach has been selected to host a number of beach volleyball tournaments, including the 2013 FIVB World. FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour is the worldwide professional beach volleyball tour for both men and women organized by the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB).
Karon Beach is also home to the Phuket Beach Open Tournament which is aimed to promote and support the beach volleyball culture in Phuket and embrace it as Asia’s premier beach volleyball hotspot. The tournament is the largest annual beach sporting event in Southeast Asia.
North Avenue Beach, Chicago, USA
North Avenue is considered by many to be Chicago’s premier beach. It is a remarkable mix of beach and city which makes it a favorite beach volleyball destination amongst volleyball aficionados. It is a fairly large and well-maintained beach with rentals available, including bikes, chairs and volleyball equipment. Beach volleyball players can choose among the 50 volleyball courts in North Avenue Beach. The Chicago Park District lines the beach with poles for individuals and leagues to hang volleyball nets.
Furthermore, North Avenue Beach is crowded especially during the weekends because singles, couples, families, and groups of friends come to the beach not just to play volleyball but also for sunbathing, swimming, and biking. On weekdays, leagues are played with the skyline in the backdrop. The North Avenue Beach also hosts international volleyball tournaments and is the most frequent location for a beach volleyball tournament outside of California. Not to mention that the beach is also home to the annual AVP Chicago Open which draws thousands of people every year.
In conclusion, these beaches are the top beach volleyball destinations that you should check out. Beach volleyball enthusiasts like you will definitely experience the best beach volleyball games on these beaches.
Beach Volleyball is a sport played by two teams on a sand court divided by a net. Here are the rules of Beach Volleyball.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Court
The playing court is a rectangle and measures 16 meters long and 8 meters wide and is surrounded by a free zone, which is a minimum of 3 m wide on all sides. The free playing space, which is the space above the playing area, shall measure a minimum of 7 m in height from the playing surface.
The court is marked with 2 end lines and 2 sidelines. Both side and end lines are placed inside the dimensions of the playing court. In Beach Volleyball, there is no centerline. In addition, all lines must be 5 to 8 cm wide. The color of the lines must contrast sharply with the color of the sand. Further, the lines should be made of a resistant material.
The playing surface should be made up of leveled sand, as flat and uniform as possible. The sand must be at least 40 cm deep and made up of fine, loosely compact grains. Moreover, the playing surface should not contain anything that could cut or injure players such as rocks or shells.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Equipment
A net is placed vertically over the middle of the court whose top is set at the height of 2.43 m for men and 2.24 m for women. However, the height of the net may be varied for specific age groups.
The posts must be round and smooth and must be placed an equal distance from each sideline to the post padding and should not consist of any dangerous or obstructing devices.
The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible material to be suitable for outdoor conditions since matches may be played when it is raining. It should be light colors or a combination of colors.
- Circumference: 66 to 68 cm.
- Weight: 260 to 280 g.
- Inside pressure: 0.175 to 0.225 kg/cm2 (171 to 221 mbar or hPa).
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Participants
A team is composed exclusively of two players. Only the two players recorded on the score sheet have the right to participate in the match. One of the players is the team captain who shall be indicated on the score sheet.
A player’s equipment consists of shorts or a bathing suit. A jersey or “tank-top” is also optional. Players may also wear a hat/head covering and glasses or lenses at. But players must play barefoot. It is forbidden to wear objects which may cause injury or give an artificial advantage to the player.
Responsibilities of the Participants
The Participants must accept referees’ decisions with sportsmanlike conduct, without disputing them and must refrain from actions or attitudes aimed at influencing the decisions of the referees. In case of doubt, clarification may be requested through the team captain and only through him or her. Participants must behave respectfully and courteously in the spirit of fair play, not only towards the referees but also towards their opponents, teammates, and spectators.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Scoring System
A team scores a point by successfully grounding the ball on the opponent’s court; when the opposing team commits a fault; and when the opposing team receives a penalty.
A rally is a sequence of playing actions from the moment of the service hit by the server until the ball is out of play. If the serving team wins a rally, it scores a point and continues to serve. If the receiving team wins a rally, it scores a point and it must serve next.
To Win a Set
A set is won by the team which first scores 21 points with a minimum lead of two points. In the case of a 20-20 tie, the game is continued until a two-point lead is achieved.
To Win a Match
The match is won by the team that wins two sets. In the case of a 1-1 tie, the deciding 3rd set is played to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points.
A team that does not appear on the playing court on time is declared in default. If a team refuses to play after being summoned to do so, it is declared in default and forfeits the match. And a team that is declared incomplete for the set or for the match, loses the set or the match.
Before the official warm up, the 1st referee conducts the toss to decide upon the first service and the sides of the court in the first set. The toss is taken in the presence of the two team captains, where appropriate. Consequently, the winner of the toss chooses either the right to serve or to receive the service or the side of the court. The loser takes the remaining choice.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Service
The serve is the action of putting the ball in play by a server. The service must be executed by contacting the ball with one hand or arm.
The server contacts the ball with one hand or any part of the arm after clearly tossing or releasing the ball and before the ball touches the playing surface. At the moment of contacting the ball to serve or at ground take off for a jump serve, the server must not touch the court, end line, or ground outside the service zone. After the contact, the server may step outside the zone or into the court.
When the serving team wins the rally, the player that just served serves again. When the receiving team wins the rally, the player that did not serve last will serve next.
The server’s teammates must not prevent the opponents, through screening, from seeing the server or the path of the ball. On an opponent’s request, a player must move sideways, bend over or bend down.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: States of Play
Ball in Play
The ball is in play from the service contact until the ball is out of play.
Ball Out Of Play
The ball is out of play from the moment the ball lands or a fault is committed. The rally ends when a referee halts play or the ball is out of play.
A ball is in when its first contact with the ground is on the playing court or a boundary line.
The ball is out when it falls on the ground completely outside the boundary lines; it touches an object outside the court, or a person out of play; it touches the antennae, ropes, posts or the net itself outside the sidebands; the ball crosses the vertical plane of the net either partially or totally outside the crossing space during service or during the third hit of the team; and when it crosses completely the lower space under the net.
Faults in Playing the Ball
- Four Hits: a team hits the ball four times before returning it.
- Assisted Hit: a player takes support from a teammate or any structure/ object in order to hit the ball within the playing area.
- Catch: the ball is caught and/or thrown; it does not rebound from the hit
- Double Contact: a player hits the ball twice in succession or the ball contacts various parts of his/her body in succession.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Hit
A hit is any contact with the ball by a player in play. Each team is entitled to a maximum of three hits for returning the ball over the net. If more are used, the team commits the fault of “Four Hits”. In addition, a player may not hit the ball two times consecutively. Two players may touch the ball at the same moment.
Attack-hits are all actions to direct the ball towards the opponent’s playing area, except in the act of serving and blocking. An attack-hit is completed the moment the ball completely crosses the vertical plane of the net or is touched by a blocker. A player may contact an attack-hit at any height, provided that contact with the ball is made within the player’s own playing space.
It is a fault when a player completes an attack-hit on the opponent’s service if the ball is entirely above the height of the net.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Block
Blocking is the action of player(s) close to the net to deflect the ball coming from the opponent by reaching above the height of the net. In blocking, the player may place his/her hands and arms beyond the net, provided that this action does not interfere with the opponent’s play. Thus, it is not permitted to touch the ball beyond the net until an opponent has executed an attack hit. In addition, to block an opponent’s service is forbidden.
A blocking contact is counted as a team hit. The blocking team will have only two more hits after a blocking contact. The first hit after the block may be executed by any player, including the one who has touched the ball during the block.
Blocking Faults are committed if the blocker touches the ball in the opponent’s space either before or simultaneously with the opponent’s attack hit; a player blocks the opponent’s service; blocking the ball in the opponent’s space from outside the antenna; and if the ball is sent “out” off the block.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Interruptions, Intervals, Switches
An interruption is a time between one completed rally and the 1st referee’s whistle for the next service. The only regular game interruptions are Time-outs.
A time-out is a regular game interruption. It lasts for 30 seconds. In addition, each team is entitled to a maximum of four time-outs per game. Successive time-outs may be requested without resumption of the game.
An interval is a time between sets. All intervals last one minute. During this period of time, the change of courts (if requested) and service order of the teams on the score sheet are made.
The teams switch after every 7 points (Set 1 and 2) and 5 points (Set 3) played.
Rules of Beach Volleyball: Refereeing Corps
The refereeing corps for a match is composed of the following officials:
- 1st referee
- 2nd referee
- the scorer
- four (two) line judges
The 1st referee carries out his/her functions standing on a referee’s stand located at one end of the net on the opposite side to the scorer. Also, his/her view must be approximately 50 cm above the net. The 1st referee directs the match from the start until the end. Further, he/she has authority over all members of the refereeing corps and the members of the teams. During the match, his/her decisions are final.
The 2nd referee performs his/her functions standing outside the playing court near the post, on the opposite side of and facing the 1st referee. The 2nd referee is the assistant of the 1st referee and controls the work of the scorer(s).
The scorer performs his/her functions seated at the scorer’s table on the opposite side of the court from and facing the 1st referee. The scorer fills in the score sheet according to the Rules, cooperating with the 2nd referee.
If only two line judges are used, they stand at the corners of the court closest to the right hand of each referee, diagonally at 1 to 2 m from the corner. D1, D8 Each one of them controls both the end line and sideline on his/her side.
(Source: FIVB OFFICIAL BEACH VOLLEYBALL RULES 2013-2016)
Volleyball is a fun and challenging team sport which is played by two teams in a court divided by a high net, with the objective of grounding the ball to the opponent’s side. Since its conception in the late 1800s, volleyball has become one of the most popular sports in the world. There are two main classifications of volleyball, namely, the beach volleyball and the indoor volleyball. Although these two are generally the same, there are some distinct differences that should be emphasized. Aside from the obvious fact that the beach volleyball is played on the beach while indoor volleyball is played indoors, here are some of the significant differences between beach volleyball and indoor volleyball.
How is Beach Volleyball Different to Indoor Volleyball
One of the notable differences between beach and indoor volleyball is the court size. The court for beach volleyball is only 16 meters long and 8 meters wide. On the other hand, indoor volleyball court is bigger than that of the beach volleyball which is 18 meters long and 9 meters wide. Both playing courts are surrounded by free zones of 3 meters on all sides.
Beach volleyball can be played only if the weather is fine. Indoor volleyball, on the other hand, is played in a controlled environment because the court is located inside a gymnasium or a covered court. Whether it is sunny or rainy, players can play the game. In addition, the wind and the glare of the sun play as important factors in beach volleyball, unlike in indoor volleyball wherein these elements do not have any influence in the game.
Another significant difference between beach volleyball and indoor volleyball is the playing surface. In beach volleyball, the playing surface is leveled by sand with a specification that the sand should be composed of fine loosely compacted grains and a height of at least 40 centimeters. While in indoor volleyball, the game is played on a flat and horizontal playing surface of a gymnasium or a covered court. White colors are used to draw the lines on the playing surface in the sport of indoor volleyball.
Since the playing surfaces are different, beach volleyball and indoor volleyball requires different footwear. In beach volleyball, footwear is not required and the players usually play barefoot or with just sand socks. While indoor volleyball requires proper and comfortable shoes.
And because of the differences in playing surfaces, different muscle groups are used while running, accelerating, changing directions and jumping in beach and indoor volleyball.
Beach volleyball and indoor volleyball also make use of different balls. The balls for beach volleyball is lighter, softer, bigger and are usually made from a composite material which keeps them water resistant. While those of indoor volleyball are generally smaller, heavier and are made of leather. In beach volleyball, the ball has a circumference of 66 to 68 centimeters, a weight of 260 to 280 grams and inside pressure of 0.175 to 0.225 kg/cm2. While for indoor volleyball, the ball has a circumference of 65 to 67 centimeters, a weight of 260 to 280 grams and inside pressure of 0.30 to 0.325 kg/cm2.
The number of players in beach and indoor volleyball is also different. Beach volleyball requires only 2 players, with no substitution and no specialized positions, only the left and right sides. One player is dedicated to blocking and one player to digging. There being just two players on each side, most beach volleyball players are well-rounded and can hit, dig and block. On the other hand, indoor volleyball is composed of 6 players with each player specializing in a particular position. The playing team in indoor volleyball can consist of up to 12 members. The players observe complex rotations and substitutions throughout the game.
Another major difference between beach and indoor volleyball is the scoring system. The three-ball system is used in beach volleyball while the five-ball system is used in indoor volleyball.
In beach volleyball, a team has to get 21 points and have a minimum lead of 2 points to win a set. If a team wins 2 sets it will win the game. If a team wins one set and loses one set, the 3rd set, which is also called the deciding set, will be played wherein a team has to get 15 points and have a minimum lead of 2 points in order to win.
In indoor volleyball, a team has to get 25 points and have a minimum lead of 2 points in order to win a set. If a team wins 3 sets it will win the game. If a team wins 2 sets and loses 2 sets, the 5th set, which is also called the deciding set, will be played wherein a team has to get 15 points and have a minimum lead of 2 points in order to win.
Beach volleyball, a team can request only 1 time-out and no substitutions during the set while in indoor volleyball, a team can request 2 time-outs and 6 substitutions during the set.
In beach volleyball, when the total sum of points scored by two teams is equal to 21 points during set 1 and set 2, a 30-second technical time-out is applied automatically. While in indoor volleyball, when the leading team gets the 8th and 16th points during set 1 and 4, two 60-second time-outs are applied automatically.
Although both the beach and indoor volleyball allows three hits for each team, beach volleyball rules qualify that a block is counted as a hit, while in indoor volleyball, a block does not count as a hit.
Beach volleyball rules allow does not allow open hand tips or dinks, or moves that send the ball just slightly over the net while in indoor volleyball, the rules allow.
To sum it all up, beach volleyball is played on the sand with only two players on each side using a lighter, softer and bigger ball, while indoor volleyball is played in a larger court in a gymnasium with six players in each side with an assigned task, using a smaller and heavier ball. Beach volleyball is a game of versatility while indoor volleyball is a game of technicality and complexity.